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Sungrazing Comets

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15-years of SOHO Comets
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Sungrazer comets:

The following are links to sites with information on sungrazing comets or on comet fragmentation.



SOHO/LASCO comets in the news

  • 4/06/2004 ESA Press Release: SOHO sees its 750th comet
  • 4/06/2004 UNIVERSE TODAY: SOHO has seen 750 comets
  • 4/06/2004 ESA: "Comets: 'Sungrazer' comets"
  • 3/04/2004 SOHO 'Pick of the Week': Kreutz-group Comet SOHO744, discovered by John Sachs.
  • 6/06/2003 SPACE.COM 'Image of the Day': Twin Kamikaze Comets
  • 2/24/2003 Astronomy Picture of the Day: Comet NEAT and a CME in C3
  • 2/19/2003 BBC report on comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT)
  • 2/18/2003 SPACE.COM report on comet NEAT
  • 1/27/2003 SOHO 'Pick of the Week': Comet C/2002 X5 (Kudo-Fujikawa) in C3 and C2
  • 8/15/2002 CNN report on SOHO500, discovered by Rainer Kracht
  • 8/14/2002 SPACE.COM report on SOHO500
  • 8/14/2002 SOHO 'Pick of the Week': Comet SOHO500 discovered!
  • 4/18/2002 SPACE.COM report on SOHO422, discovered by XingMing Zhou
  • 1/11/2002 Astronomy Picture of the Day: Comet 96/P Machholz 1 in C2
  • 11/09/2001 Astronomy Picture of the Day: Comet SOHO367, discovered by XingMing Zhou
  • 10/31/2001 CNN report on a long-tailed C2 comet
  • 9/01/2000 Astronomy Picture of the Day: Comet SOHO111 in C2
  • 8/31/2000 SPACE.COM report on SOHO200, and SOHO comet-hunting in general.
  • 8/29/2000 BBC report on SOHO200, discovered by Mike Oates
  • 5/20/2000 Astronomy Picture of the Day: Comet SOHO6 in C2
  • 2/25/2000 Astronomy Picture of the Day: "The comets of SOHO"
  • 5/20/1998 Astronomy Picture of the Day: Comet SOHO 1998/J1

Bibliography of Sungrazing Comet Papers:

Bailey, M.E., Chambers, J.E. and G. Hahn, "Origin of sungrazers: a frequent cometary end-state," Astron. & Astrophys. 257 315, 1992.

Bappu, M.K.V. and K.R. Sivaraman, "Emission Band Photometry of Comet Ikeya-Seki (1965f)," MNRAS 137 151, 1967.

Biesecker, D., Lamy, P., St. Cyr, O.C., Llebaria, A., and R. Howard, "Sungrazing Comets Discovered with the SOHO/LASCO Coronagraphs 1996-1998," Icarus 157 Issue 2 323-348, 2002.

Bortle, J.E., Sky & Telescope - Comet Digest 59 478, 1980. (Note: 1965f was erroniously printed as 1956f on line 11 of column 3.)

Bortle, J.E., Sky & Telescope - Comet Digest 80 443, 1990.

Bortle, J.E., "An Intercomparison of the Major 20th Century Sungrazing Comets," ICQ 14 87, Oct 1992.

Botley, C.M., Sky & Telescope - Letters 84, February, 1967.

Chochol, D., Rusin, V., Kulcar, L., and V. Vanysek, "Emission Features in the Solar Corona After the Perihilion Passage of Comet 1979 XI," Astro. and Space Sci. 91 71, 1983.

Croom, D.L., "Search for Very High Frequency Radiation Resulting From the Passage of Comet 1965f Through the Solar Corona," Nature 213 1002, 1967.

Curtis, G. Wm. and The Sacramento Peak Observatory Staff, "Daylight Observations of the 1965 f Comet at the Sacramento Peak Observatory," Astron. Journal 71 194, 1966.

Dufay, J., Swings, P. and Ch. Fehrenbach, "Spectrographic Observations of Comet Ikeya-Seki (1965f)," ApJ 142 1698, 1965.

England, K.J., "Early Sungrazer Comets," Journal of the British Astronomical Association, vol.112, no.1, p.13-28, 2002

Gladman, B., Michel, P., and C. Froeschle, "The Near-Earth Object Population," Icarus 146, Issue 2 176-189, 2000.

Hasegwa, I., and S. Nakano, "Possible Kreutz Sungrazing Comets Found in Historical Records," Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan Vol. 53 931-949, 2001.

Huebner, W.F., "Dust from Cometary Nuclei," Astron. & Astrophys. 5 286, 1970.

Huebner, W.F., "Diminution of Cometary Heads Due to Perihelion Passage," Zeit. fur Astro. 65 185, 1967.

Hufnagel, L., "Die Bahn des September-Kometen 1882 II unter Zugrundelegung der Einsteinschen Gravitationslehre," Astronomische Nachrichten 209 17, 1919.

Iseli, M., Kuppers, M., Benz, W., and P. Boschler, "Sungrazing Comets: Properties of Nuclei and in Situ Detectability of Cometary Ions at 1 AU," Icarus 155, Issue 2 350-364, 2002.

Kimura, H., Mann, I., and D. Biesecker, "Olivine and Pyroxene Dust Aggregates in Sungrazing Comets," Meteoritics & Planetary Science Vol.36 A99, 2001.

Kimura, H., Mann, I., Biesecker, D., and E. Jessberger, "Dust Grains in the Comae and Tails of Sungrazing Comets: Modeling of Their Mineralogical and Morphological Properties," Icarus 159 Issue 2 529-541, 2002.

Klinger, J., Espinasse, S., and B. Schmitt, "Some Considerations on Cohesive Forces in Sun-grazing Comets," Proc. International Workshop on Physics and Mechanics of Cometary Material (ESA SP-302, 1989).

Kresak, L'., "A Meteor Mission into the Orbit of Sun-Grazing Comets," Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech. 17 188, 1966.

Kreutz, H., "Cometensystem 1843 I, 1880 I und 1882 II," Publication der Sternwarte in Kiel, No. III, 1888.

Kreutz, H., "System der Cometen 1843 I, 1880 I und 1882 II," Publication der Sternwarte in Kiel, No. VI, 1891.

Kreutz, H., "System der Cometen 1843 I, 1880 I und 1882 II," Astronomische Abhandlungen, No. 1, 1901.

Livingston, W., Roddier, F., Spinrad, H., Slaughter, C. and D. Chapman, "The Sodium D Lines in Comet Ikeya-Seki," Sky & Telescope 31 24, 1966.

Lust, Rh. and H.-U. Schmidt, "The Influence of the Solar Corona on the Tail of Comet Ikeya-Seki 1965 VIII," Mitt. Astron. Ges. 25 211, 1968.

Lynn, W.T., "The Comet of 1666," The Observatory - Correspondence 11 375, 1888.

MacQueen, R.M. and O.C. St. Cyr, "Sungrazing Comets Observed by the Solar Maximum Mission Coronagraph," ICARUS 90 96, 1991.

Marsden, B.G., "Evolution of the Great Sun-Grazing Comet Group," Astron. Journal - Abstracts 71 863, 1966.

Marsden, B.G., "The Sungrazing Comet Group," Astron. Journal 72 (9) 1170, 1967.

Marsden, B.G., "The Sungrazing Comet Group. II," Astron. Journal 98 (6) 2306, 1989.

Marsden, B.G., "The Sungrazing Comets Revisited," Proceedings of the AMC 89 Meeting held at the Astronomical Observatory of the Uppsala University (edited by C.I. Lagerkvist, H. Rickman, and B.A. Lindblad., p.393).

Michels, D.J., Sheeley, N.R., Howard, R.A., and M.J. Koomen, "Observations of a Comet on Collision Course with the Sun," Science 215 1097, 26 February 1982.

Opik, E.J., "Sungrazing Comets and Tidal Disruption," Irish Astron. Journal 7 (5) 141, 1966.

Oppenheim, H., "Definitive Bestimmung der Bahn des grossen Sudcometen 1887 I," Astronomische Nachrichten 121 337, 1889.

Preston, G.W., "The Spectrum of Comet Ikeya-Seki (1965f)," ApJ 147 718, 1967.

Raymond, John C., Fineschi, S., Smith, P.L., Gardner, L., O'Neal, R., Ciaravella, A., Kohl, J.L., Marsden, B., Williams, G.V., "Solar Wind at 6.8 Solar Radii from UVCS Observation of Comet C/1996Y1," ApJ 508 410, 1998.

St. Cyr, O.C., Hundhausen, A.J., and R.M. MacQueen, "The Effect of Solar Activity on Sungrazing Comets," BAAS 22 1323, 1990.

St. Cyr, O.C. and R.C. Altrock, "Groundbased Observations of the Sun's Corona Following the Perihilia of Sungrazing Comets," BAAS 25 (4) 1303, 1993.

St. Cyr, O.C. and R.D. Chapman, "Sungrazing Comet Observations Associated with SOHO," Proceedings of the First SOHO Workshop (ESA SP-348), 127, 1992.

Sekanina, Z., "Splitting of the Primary Nucleus of Comet Ikeya-Seki," BAC 17 (4) 1966.

Sekanina, Z., "On the Origin of the Kreutz Family of Sun-grazing Comets," BAC 18 (3) 1967.

Sekanina, Z., "Definitive Orbit of Comet Pereyra (1963 V)," BAC 18 (4) 1967.

Sekanina, Z., "The Path and Surviving Tail of a Comet That Fell Into the Sun," Astron. Journal 87 (7) 1059, 1982.

Sekanina, Z., "Secondary Fragmentation of the Solar Heliospheric Observatory Sungrazing Comets at Very Large Heliocentric Distance," ApJ 542 147-150, 2000.

Sekanina, Z., "Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Sungrazing Comets with Prominent Tails: Evidence on Dust-Production Peculiarities," ApJ 545 69-72, 2000.

Sekanina, Z., "Statistical Investigation and Modeling of Sungrazing Comets Discovered with the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory," ApJ 566 577-598, 2002

Sekanina, Z., "Runaway Fragmentation of Sungrazing Comets Observed with the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory," ApJ 576 1085-1089, 2002.

Sekanina, Z., "Common Origin of Two Major Sungrazing Comets," ApJ 581 760-769, 2002.

Sekanina, Z., "Fragmentation Origin of Major Sungrazing Comets," ApJ 581 1389-1398, 2002.

Sheeley, N.R. Jr, Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J. and D.J. Michels, "Coronagraphic observations of two new sungrazing comets," Nature 300 239, 1982.

Sheeley, N.R. Jr, Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J., Michels, D.J., Harvey, K.L. and J.W. Harvey, "Observations of Coronal Structure During Sunspot Maximum," Space Sci. Rev. 33 219, 1982.

Slaughter, C.D., "The Emission Spectrum of Comet Ikeya-Seki 1965-f at Perihelion Passage," Astron. Journal 74 No. 7, 929, 1969.

Stefanik, Robert P., "On Thirteen Split Comets," Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liege (Ser. 5) 12 29, 1966.

Strom, R. "Daytime Observations of Sungrazing Comets in Chinese Annals," Astron. & Astrophys. 387 17-20, 2002.

Takakura, Tatsuo, Tsuchiya, Atsushi and Masaki Morimoto, "Radio Observations of Comet Ikeya-Seki (1965 f)," PASJ 17 No. 4, 437, 1965.

Thackeray, A.D., Feast, M.W., Warner, B., "Daytime Spectra of Comet Ikeya-Seki Near Perihelion," ApJ 143 276, 1966.

Tlamicha, A. and Z. Plavcova, "Radio Observations of Comet Ikeya-Seki (1965f)," BAC 17 (6) 1966.

Uzzo, M., Raymond, J.C., Biesecker, D., Marsden, B., Wood, C., Ko, Y.-K., and R. Wu, "Results From UVCS and LASCO Observation of the Sungrazing Comet C/2000 O6," ApJ 558 403-410, 2001.

Vanysek, V., "Photoelectric Measurements of Comet Ikeya-Seki 1965f at 0.87 microns," BAC 17 (4) 1966.

Weinberg, J.L. and D.E. Beeson, "Polarization Reversal in the Tail of Comet Ikeya-Seki (1965 VIII)," Astron. & Astrophys. 48 151, 1976.

Weissman, P.R., "Cometary Impacts with the Sun: Physical and Dynamical Considerations," ICARUS 55 448, 1983.

Sky & Telescope - Observer's Page, "Reports of Comet Ikeya-Seki (1965F)," Sky & Telescope 31 52, 1966.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle mentions the comet of 1106. You'll find the mention in the section on the year 1106, as the `Chronicle' is a chronological diary of events.

Grady, C.A., Sitko, M.L., Bjorkman, Karen S., Perez, Mario R., Lynch, D.K., Russell, R.W. and M.S. Hanner, "The Star-Grazing Extrasolar Comets in the HD 100546 System," ApJ 483 449, 1997.

Crawford, I.A., Beust, H. and A.-M. Lagrange, "Detection of a strong transient blueshifted absorption component in the beta Pictoris disc," MNRAS 294 L31, 1998.